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Although the majority of Daily Centers collaborate with local Centers for Social Welfare, most Daily Centers are not institutionalized and, therefore, lack consistent financial and technical support.(16, 25) This may limit the ability of Daily Centers to identify and assist children working on the streets. For more information, please see “Children's Work and Education Statistics: Sources and Definitions” in the Reference Materials section of this report. For more information, please see “Children's Work and Education Statistics: Sources and Definitions” in the Reference Materials section of this report.

NGOs receive funding from either the Ministry of Security or the Ministry for Human Rights and Refugees to provide shelter to these children.(5) However, law enforcement personnel and prosecutors often are unwilling to pursue investigations and prosecutions against parents involved in the trafficking of their children, particularly for forced labor, and the shelters subsequently return the children to the parents who trafficked them.(13) Furthermore, a government official acknowledged that, although judges and prosecutors receive some basic training on human trafficking through the Agency for Education and Training, additional training is needed, particularly on how to properly prosecute cases involving child begging as a result of human trafficking.(25, 49, 52) Although the Government has established the Department of the State Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Persons, research found no evidence of mechanisms to coordinate its efforts to address other forms of child labor, including its worst forms (Table 8). Key Mechanisms to Coordinate Government Efforts on Child Labor Coordinate human trafficking victim protection efforts among relevant ministries at the entity level, and among prosecutors at the state, entity, and local levels, as well as with NGOs.(12, 53) Oversee the human trafficking database, which includes data from NGOs, SIPA, SBP, and police agencies and Prosecutors’ Offices at all levels.(47) Publish data from this database in its annual report on trafficking.(12) Oversee shelter management and monitor NGOs’ compliance with the agreed-upon provisions on victims’ assistance.(47) Coordinate human trafficking investigations across government agencies.(12) Convene once a month, with additional meetings scheduled as needed.(11, 12, 14, 52) Chaired by the Chief State Prosecutor, includes Bi H, FBi H, RS, and BD ministries and agencies.(12, 45) In 2016, it began drafting an action plan to protect children from pornography and internet child exploitation.(14) Monitor implementation of the Strategy to Counter Trafficking in Human Beings (TIP Strategy), the corresponding Action Plan, and the National Referral Mechanism.(12, 54) Comprises appointed representatives from the state and entity governments, including labor inspectors and elected representatives from NGOs.(3) Facilitate coordination among state, entity, and cantonal-level institutions, as well as between NGOs and intergovernmental organizations.(12, 51) In 2016, implemented activities in the national TIP Strategy, Action Plan, and National Referral Mechanism.(14) Labor inspectors were incorporated into the regional monitoring teams in 2016.

In 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.

The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina amended the Criminal Code to criminalize all forms of human trafficking within its jurisdiction, thereby harmonizing the law with the rest of the country.

However, children in Bosnia and Herzegovina perform dangerous tasks in street work.

Children also engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation as a result of human trafficking.

As labor inspectors do not have a mandate to inspect informal work on the streets, staff from Daily Centers are often the first to identify children engaged in hazardous street work. Department of the State Coordinator for Combatting Trafficking in Persons official. The calculation includes all new entrants to last grade (regardless of age). Original Data from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 3, 2006. Reliable statistical data on the worst forms of child labor are especially difficult to collect given the often hidden or illegal nature of the worst forms.

Sarajevo’s Center for Social Welfare’s Mobile Team engages in daily outreach to children on the streets and to families in vulnerable communities.(4, 14) The Mobile Team staff stated, however, that they lack sufficient resources for their work, especially reliable transportation.(2, 25) Government support for outreach to street children in areas outside of Sarajevo varies significantly. Therefore, the ratio can exceed 100 percent, due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades. As a result, statistics on children’s work in general are reported in this chart, which may or may not include the worst forms of child labor.

Trainings were also held for labor inspectors on human trafficking identification and the national referral mechanism.

In addition, the Government funded 16 NGOs to implement programs to address human trafficking.

In 2016, all three entity-level ministries reported that they possessed sufficient resources for inspections and labor inspectors were adequately trained through seminars and internal instruction on how to detect child labor violations.(13, 49) The labor inspectors have a quarterly plan for inspections.(48) A complaint mechanism exists in all entities.

Each market inspectorate has a mechanism for receiving online complaints.(48) All three labor inspectorates are authorized to inspect any formal sector site without receiving prior approval; approximately 30 percent of these inspections conducted in 2016 were unannounced.(13) Inspectors who find violations of the child labor law are permitted to assess administrative penalties or issue fines.(5) In 2016, no violations of child labor laws were found in the entities.

In 2016, the Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees distributed ,327 to assist domestic victims, ,716 to assist foreign victims, and ,500 for European Anti-Trafficking Day.(14) Services include counseling, educational assistance and job training for domestic victims, and visa and legal services for foreign victims of human trafficking.(49) EU-funded project implemented by the International Center for Migration Policy Development in six countries, including Bi H.